After years of denunciation of 14nm processors in desktop PCs, Intel is preparing for a strong offensive. The Intel Alder Lake S and Intel Raptor Lake S are just the beginning of a journey that will see the Intel Meteor Lake S series as a milestone. It will introduce (next) big changes: 7nm lithography (Intel 4) and improved Foveros 3D technology.

When can Intel Meteor Lake S be launched? What do we know about the new architecture? Here is a summary of the 14th generation Intel Core processors .

Intel Meteor Lake S – the upcoming novelty

Intel Alder Lake S processors will end the era of 14nm Intel desktop processors. However, they, along with the Intel Raptor Lake S, will be a transitional phase. Intel does not intend to slow down and is preparing the premiere of the 14th generation Intel Core processors, that is, Intel Meteor Lake S, which will be another important event in the history of the company.

Intel Meteor Lake S

What do we know about the design of central processing units that promise to be a revolutionary milestone for the Blues? Will the new series bring a true technological leap that we haven’t seen in years with Intel processors? What should the 14th generation Intel Core specification look like?

I will try to answer these and other questions in this post.

Intel Meteor Lake S – Processor Design

Intel Meteor Lake S will be based, like the Intel Alder Lake S and Raptor Lake S processors, on a heterogeneous structure consisting of cores based on two different architectures. These are Redwood Cove (Performance Core, i.e. large high-performance cores) and Crestmont (Efficient Core, i.e. energy-saving, small cores). They are successors to the Raptor Cove and Gracemont (Intel Raptor Lake S) architectures. It is worth noting that Intel designed the Redwood Cove architecture from scratch.

Intel Meteor Lake S

The Intel Meteor Lake S processors will be the first Intel desktop processor series to feature a layered architecture. The CPU will consist of several components connected using the Foveros 3D (next generation) packaging technology known from Intel Lakefield.

Intel Meteor Lake S processors should be based on three chiplets – Compute Die (compute tile), SOC-LP (it will contain an I / O matrix) and GPU Die (tile with an integrated graphics chip).

The advantage of Intel’s solution is that the company can use different manufacturing processes to manufacture the Intel Meteor Lake S. What does this mean? The fact is that individual elements can be produced at other factories not only by Intel, but also, for example, by TSMC. The chiplet structure is known from AMD Ryzen processors based on the Zen architecture, and can reduce production cost or increase output.

Intel Meteor Lake S – the first processors in Intel lithography 4 (7 nm)

Intel Meteor Lake S will also be the first series of desktop processors designed using a 7nm EUV (extreme ultraviolet) process, dubbed Intel 4. The low lithography means a significant improvement in power efficiency.

Pat Gelsinger, CEO of Intel, boasted in May 2021 that Intel had reached a milestone. The so-called write phase , which is the penultimate stage of processor design.

What does she mean? The fact is that work on all elements of Intel Meteor Lake has been completed. Now they are combined in the recording process into one. At the same stage, the first engineering samples are also produced.

Intel Meteor Lake S specification

Not much can be said about the specification of Intel Meteor Lake S. If the top model Intel Raptor Lake S has 8 performance cores and 16 efficient cores, we can conclude that the next generation processor will have at least the same number.

Will there be more? It is not known – it is possible that the Blues will prefer quality (efficiency, energy efficiency) to quantity. For now, this is all we know about the Intel Meteor Lake S specification:

  • Architecture : Redwood Cove (large cores) + Crestmont (small cores)
  • Process Technology : Intel 4 (7nm EUV)
  • Maximum number of cores : no data
  • Graphics Chip (tGPU) : Intel Xe Gen. 12.7 (96 EU)
  • Socket : LGA 1700
  • RAM support : DDR5
  • Interface PCIe : 5.0
  • Power Consumption (TDP) : 35-125W

Socket Intel Meteor Lake S

The LGA 1700 platform was created with three generations of processors in mind. Accordingly, the Intel Meteor Lake S, despite noticeable changes, will require a motherboard with the same socket as the Intel Alder Lake S and Raptor Lake S. It is not yet clear whether the Intel 600 series chips designed for the Intel Core 12- gen, support 14th gen processors. The leaks so far only show support for the Intel Raptor Lake S.

With the premiere of Intel Meteor Lake S, a new series of motherboards based on the Intel 800 chipset will go on sale. Whether they are needed, we will see closer to the debut of the discussed CPUs.

Graphics chip in Intel Meteor Lake S

In consumer Intel processors, users are accustomed to having an integrated graphics chip (except for models with the designation F). Nothing will change in the new Intel Xe Ge iGPU series. 12.7 with more execution units than the Intel Xe Gen 12.2 found in Alder Lake S and Raptor Lake S.

So far, Intel Xe has had no more than 96. Intel Meteor Lake boasts a graphics system with a minimum of 96 EU and a maximum of 192 EU. More blocks will naturally result in better performance, but this should be reserved for mobile processors only.

Predicted Performance Intel Meteor Lake S

Since the Intel Meteor Lake S processors will be the first to be manufactured using the Intel 4 process, it’s worth considering what the new lithography will bring with it.

The performance per watt will increase by 20% compared to Intel 7 (10nm Enhanced SuperFin). Therefore, it will be 30-35% higher than the technological size of 10 nm SuperFin (mobile Tiger Lake). The differences will be even greater compared to 14nm lithography.

Thus, there is a significant jump in performance not only in relation to the Intel Rocket Lake S series, but also in relation to the Intel Alder Lake S and Raptor Lake S. We will have to wait a long time for leaks regarding benchmarks and games. The first results of the work – based on engineering samples – may begin to appear in the second half of 2022.

Premiere of Intel Meteor Lake S – when the 14th generation

The premiere of Intel Meteor Lake S processors will take place in the second quarter of 2023 . Intel has already come a long way down the road to 7nm, so why wait when the revolution is already knocking at the door? Therefore, only six months will pass from the premiere of Intel Raptor Lake S, but a similar difference separates Intel Rocket Lake S and Intel Alder Lake S.

The Intel Meteor Lake processors are only a series designed for the consumer market, and they will go not only to desktops (with an S note), but also to mobile devices. It is expected that mass production will begin in the second half of 2022.

Intel Meteor Lake S

What’s after Intel Meteor Lake S

Intel has shared its ambitious processor plans. Unfortunately, at the Intel Investor Meeting 2022, the company confirmed the delay in the premiere of subsequent CPUs.

After Meteor Lake S, we are waiting for the following series:

  • Arrow Lake S : Lion Cove and Skymont cores, two process technologies (Intel 20A and N3, i.e. 3nm TSMC); premiere 2024 (Q2)
  • Lunar Lake S : Lion Cove and Skymont, two process technologies (Intel 18A and N3); 2024+ (late 2024 or early 2025)
  • Nova Lake S : Black Cove and Darkmont, Intel 18A; late 2025 or 2026

Intel Arrow Lake, Lunar Lake and Nova Lake are a promising future

The first two generations, Intel Arrow Lake and Lunar Lake, are reminiscent of the differences between Intel Alder Lake S and Raptor Lake S. However, the newer one should double the number of energy efficient cores compared to the 13th generation Intel Core, just like Intel Raptor Lake S versus Alder Lake S.

Arrow Lake will benefit from several new manufacturing processes: TSMC’s 3nm lithography and Intel’s proprietary 20A (5nm). Lunar Lake, in turn, will use Intel 18A (5nm+) and an external process, but Intel has not confirmed if this will still be N3.

The latest series gets the most attention, introducing a completely new architecture built from the ground up. The Intel Nove Lake processors – we are talking about them – should be as new as the first generation Intel Core. According to the leak, they can deliver up to 50% more efficiency than Lunar Lake. However, this is the song of the future.

The future, which in the case of desktop processors looks very bright. Is there anything to fear from AMD preparing 5nm AMD Ryzen 7000 (Zen 4) and 3nm Zen 5 (Granite Ridge) processors? We, consumers, can only benefit from the fierce competition in the processor market.

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