Mancala games, also known as “seeding” or “count-capture” games, are among the oldest games in the world. These games use a board with a series of glasses or gaps and a collection of colored stones or seeds. There are countless versions of this basic game, but the most common variant is a simple game for two players, using a board with six cups.

What you need and how to set up your Mancala game

You will need a Mancala plate and 48 stones. The plate is long and narrow, with large divotors at each end, called shops, and six smaller divotors, called pockets along each side. To start, leave the store empty and spread the 48 stones evenly between the 12 pockets. There are four stones in each. If each player sits at the ends of the panels, the pockets to the right of their store belong to them.

How to play Mancala

How To Play Mancala Game Rules And Instructions

Playing Mancala can be easy. Decide who to start and allow that person to take the four stones out of any pocket. Then he must bypass the board counter clockwise, throwing a stone in each pocket or stored in their way. From there, things can be as simple or difficult as you want them to be. To make sure everyone enjoys the game, we’ll give you the most basic rules. As players throw stones along the path, they jump over the opponent’s shop (or mancala). If you throw the last stone in an empty pocket on either side of the plate, you’re done.

However, if the final stone is thrown into a multi-stone pocket, you will get that new collection of stones and move on. If your last stone is thrown into your own mancala, you will choose any pocket and continue your turn. Confused? Looks like when you’re not playing. With a plank and stones in front, however, it can feel much easier. Keep in mind that there are a few other rules you can implement if it gets too easy. You could even take a few, if you find it too difficult.

How to win the game

There are a lot of strategies that can help you win. One way to start the game with your right foot is to start on the third hole so that the last stone will land in your store and you will get a second move. From there, your second move is just as important. Choose the first or second closest pocket so that you can empty the end of the four stones into a full pocket and continue playing. Beyond that, it’s always just a matter of quick thinking and counting. Whenever it is your turn to take out more stones to play with, always look for pockets with enough stones to throw in your own store or carry them in even bigger pockets.


Before starting the game, the players set up the board. Each player has 24 stones or seeds and distributes them among the six shallow glasses on their side. The two largest cups at the end of each row – called mancalas – should remain empty.

Seeds for sowing

The first player now chooses one of the cups on his side of the board and takes all the stones from it. Starting with the next cup to the right, the first player drops a stone in each cup, including his own cup; however, do not place a stone in your opponent’s hand. This action causes players to drop stones in cups on the opposite side of the board, as well as on their own. The second player then returns, picking up the stones from one of the cups on her side and flipping them counterclockwise.

Points Scores

There are two ways to score points in a Mancala game. Each stone in a player’s hand at the end of the game is a point. Thus, the stones thrown in the manger during the player’s turn deserve points. In addition, if a player leaves his last stone in an empty cup on his side of the board, he ends up collecting all the stones in the cup, as opposed to the one they just lost their last stone on. These stones also go in their mantle. Playback ends when a row of cups is completely emptied. The player with the most stones in his hand wins.

Variants of the game

There are many variations of the Mancala concept; In reality, the term refers to a whole genre of games. Common variations include increasing the length or number of rows or the number of stones. In some games, the turn ends only when a player places his last seed in an empty hole. Otherwise, the players pick up the seeds in the final cup or the next cup in the sequence and continue playing.

Can you play mancala alone?

You can play mancala solo as long as the basic goal is the same at the end : the winning player ends by removing all the seeds from his board.

Is mancala a one-person game?

Mancala is a generic name for a family of strategy board games for two players in a row , played with small stones, beans or seeds and rows of holes or holes in the ground, a board or other playing surface. The goal is usually to capture all or part of your opponent’s pieces.

Can you win the manga in one go?

It seems that in Mancala, you can find a way not only to win (which is nice), but also to win all the balls (gorgeous) and to do this right from your first move! Let the battle of the first movement unfold!

Is mancala hard to play?

Mancala is a really easy game to play . Players decide who goes first using whatever method they want; Stone-Paper-Scissors, Flipping Coins, Missing-Last-Game-First, Anything.

How do you win the manga in one go?

Tips to win Mancala

  1. Opening movements. …
  2. Focus on your Mancala. …
  3. Play often from the pit to your right. …
  4. Play offensively. …
  5. Play defensively. …
  6. Empty your own pits wisely. …
  7. Look ahead and watch your back. …
  8. You can adjust your strategy at any time.

What’s the best move in the world?

If you go first, starting with the third hole is generally considered the best opening move. This will land your last piece in the mancala area, not only will it score a point, but it will give you a second move immediately before your turn ends.

Can you win the second round?

Mancala is a game in which the main player leads the action. The first move gives you the ability to control the board. … Winning Mancala requires continuous planning and calculation, so taking second place is not an instant loss .

What happens if you release your part in the mancala?

When all six side pockets are empty, the game ends . Each player will count the number of stones in his shop. The player with the most stones in his shop wins.

Are there different ways to play mancala?

There are two main varieties of Mancala-Kala, which is a children’s game and Oware, which can be played by both children and adults.

  • Kalah: Kalah, as I mentioned earlier, is Mancala for children. …
  • Oware: Oware, a variant of Mancala is a slightly more complicated game, recommended for children aged 11 and up.

How do you steal food?

Capturing your opponent’s stones If you place the last stone in your row in an empty cup on your side of the board, you catch all the pieces in the cup directly opposite it, on your opponent’s side of the board. Take the captured stones and the catching stone and place them in the mancala.

Why is mancala important?

There has been some speculation that it may have been used as a ritual or divination tool, as some ancient planks have been found in temples. Historians believe that mangroves spread throughout Africa, the Middle East and Asia, before finally being brought to the United States.

What’s the point of eating?

Objective: To collect as many seeds as possible in your store . The player with the most seeds in his shop at the end of the game wins. Setup: Place four seeds in each of the six holes on your side of the game board. Your opponent should do the same.

What is the oldest game?

The Royal Game of Gold The Royal Game of Gold is the oldest board game that can be played in the world, dating back to about 4,600 years ago in ancient Mesopotamia. The rules of the game were written on a wedge-shaped tablet by a Babylonian astronomer in 177 BC.

Is mancala an African game?

Mancala is one of the oldest two-player strategy games in the world and has been played throughout Asia and Africa for over 7,000 years. The earlier version of the Mancala games used primitive tools made of wood or clay, or the game board was carved in stone. Its origins have its roots in ancient Egypt.

Is Warri and Mancala the same game?

Warri (meaning “home”) is the national mancala game of Antigua and Barbuda . … The game is a variant of Oware, which was brought to Antigua in the early 18th century by African slaves.

Can you skip your turn in Mancala?

If you come across your own Mancala (store), store a piece in it. If you meet your opponent’s Mancala, jump over him and keep going to the next pocket. … If the last piece you throw away is in your Mancala, you take another turn.

What does avalanche mean in Mancala?

Example of Avalanche movement in which you throw the last stone in an empty pocket . The longer your turn continues in Avalanche mode, the more gems you will throw in your hand. … When you switch from your opponent to your side, the game omits your opponent’s hand.

Does the first player always win Mancala?

Of course, if the first player is not someone who is playing for the first time and has no idea how to use the actions. But when both players are equally experienced, then the game is always won by the player who went first .

How do you earn Congkak?

Congkak’s goal is to move your shells to the warehouse on the left. You move your shells by picking up all the shells from one of your houses and depositing one in each of the houses to the left of the space. The first person to empty their homes is the winner .

How many balls are there in Mancala?

You will need a small bowl of cereal, known as the mancala store, for each player. You will also need 48 balls , chips or stones of any color. You can even use coins or other coins as a substitute.

How many stones are in the Mancala game?

Although Mancala is generally played with 4 stones in each space at the beginning, I found that learning the game with 2 stones in each space is simpler, goes faster and creates great enthusiasm for children. Try the instructions below with just 2 stones in space to get started.

Who goes to Mancala first?

Each of the 12 goals is filled with four seeds. To decide who goes first, a player holds a seed in a fist . If the opponent guesses correctly which fist holds the seed, the opponent starts. The goal is to catch more seeds than your opponent.

What is the first good move in chess?

Another of the best chess opening moves is 1. d4 is one of the best chess openings and is the first favorite move by many world champions, including Anatoly Karpov. 1. d4 paves the way for c1 bishop and queen, although it is better to develop the other pieces before removing the queen.

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