AMD vs. Intel: A Guide to Choosing Laptop and Desktop CPUs in 2022
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At CES 2022, a large number of CPUs from AMD and Intel were unveiled. CPUs from both companies have been improved enough to expect huge performance improvements over laptops released in 2021. All that will be clear when specific benchmarks arrive, but for those looking to buy or upgrade a PC this year, here’s a comprehensive summary of what’s been revealed so far and what it all means.

Apple will move the rest of its computers to its processors later this year

AMD Laptops vs. intel laptop

 Before going into detail, I have a few things to say. While it is safe to say that the CPU determines the actual performance of the notebook, the final performance can also be affected by the design of a particular notebook. This is an important factor as the current competition between AMD and Intel is fierce. That means both AMD and Intel chips to be released in the first quarter of 2022 will have similar features and specifications, and it’s even more important to pay attention to the specifics and reviews of personal laptops.

What they have in common: AMD and Intel both focused very subtly on improving speed and performance. Simply put, no matter which company you buy, the processors will all be fast and packed with features, and there will be a lot of overlap in the fundamentals. For example, AMD’s Ryzen 6000 and Intel’s 12th Gen Elder Lake Mobile processors both support the following features:

  • DDR 5 and LPDDR5 memory 
  • USB 4.0 (AMD) / Thunderbolt 4 (Intel)
  • Wi-Fi 6E
  • PCIe 4.0

The above features mean faster laptops with better battery life. DDR5, the latest generation of memory, offers low power consumption and unbeatable speeds. The USB 4.0 and Thunderbolt 4 ports have a maximum transfer speed of 40 Gbps, which is what USB 3.2 can deliver. Since USB 4.0 physically uses a USB-C connector, both USB 4.0 and Thunderbolt 4 ports have the same appearance.With Wi-Fi 6e support, users can access the network while distributing traffic over a wide spectrum and easily avoid delays caused by congestion. Also, AMD and Intel have finally adopted PCIe 4.0. It’s not the latest technology, but PCIe 4.0 delivers transfer speeds that are twice as fast as PCIe 3.0. Compared to PCIe 3.0, which can transfer up to 3,500 MB per second, PICe 4.0 drives can transfer up to 7,500 MB per second.

The method for classifying processor levels is almost the same. If you are thinking of buying a laptop in the future, you can get it in three ways.

  • Gaming and workstation laptops: Class H
  • High-performance thin and light laptops: U-Class (Ryzen 6000 Series), P-Class (Intel)
  • Thin and Light Laptop: U Class (Ryzen 5000U Series for AMD)

The H-Class CPU is installed in most powerful laptops and provides enough performance for gamers and content creators to use them independently. On the other hand, the U-Class CPU is suitable for users who want a lightweight device for office or study. It’s Ryzen’s new 6000U chip and some of Intel’s P-Class processors that have intermediate performance.

Apple will move the rest of its computers to its processors later this year

AMD vs. Intel: A Guide to Choosing Laptop and Desktop CPUs in 2022

Worth noting. The 12th generation Intel P-Class and U-Class have different naming conventions than the H-Class chips. U or P have 4 leading numbers, and H category chips have 5 leading numbers.

Some new processors have clock speeds higher than 5.0 GHz. While clock speed doesn’t fully reflect a laptop’s actual performance, it does provide a clue to differentiate competing CPUs. It is also used as a measure to confirm that CPU performance is below specification.Of course, the actual performance of the laptop can be known only through actual testing, as mentioned earlier.

AMD vs. Intel: A Guide to Choosing Laptop and Desktop CPUs in 2022

Both AMD and Intel have promised significant performance improvements compared to previous generations. AMD claims the processing speed of the Ryzen 6000 series is up to 30% faster, and even faster when performing certain tasks on the Ryzen 7 6800U. AMD made a special mention of this during the announcement of CES 2022. Intel compared the flagship Core i9-12900HK to the current 11th-gen Core i9-11980HK, which claims to be up to 40% faster.

Difference: The difference between AMD and Intel CPUs is the high-speed storage support capability, integrated graphics performance, and the number of built-in security measures. In short, Intel has expanded support for PCIe 4.0 SSDs, and the Ryzen 6000 has a powerful graphics core and an additional security chip.

The attractive features of the user will be different for each user. The additional PICe 4.0 storage is ideal for anyone dealing with large files. For example, content creators who need to copy and export large-capacity videos are reps. But for gamers, the Ryzen 6000’s RDNA2 graphics core will stand out. AMD revealed that games like ‘Doom Eternal’, ‘Watch Dogs: Legion’ and ‘The Witcher 3’ can run at 1080p resolution on the Ryzen 7 6800U CPU. This means that thin and light laptops and ‘gaming’ are not mutually exclusive. Also, for users who are particularly concerned about security, the Ryzen 6000, which supports Microsoft Pluton, is suitable. Pluton is a security-only processor that enhances TPM by protecting against physical attacks on PC security.

In the future these differences may be further widened. For example, there may be differences in performance due to the architecture of the chip and the process node. Intel’s 12th generation CPUs are based on a hybrid architecture with built-in performance cores and efficiency cores, which can serve as a force for processing. For AND, the 6nm process used to produce the Ryzen 6000 CPU has resulted in longer battery life. AMD claims that laptops with AMD chips will last up to 24 hours.

AMD Desktop vs. Intel Desktop

On the desktop, the CPU option is much wider. Intel has released the rest of its 12th generation Elder Lake processors, which will be available soon. AMD has released information about the 3D cached version of the 5800K and the upcoming Ryzen 7000 processor.

By default, the currently available options are Intel 12th Gen Alder Lake or Ryzen 5000. Otherwise, we will have to wait until the end of this year for the situation to change. Of course, when you need something, you have to buy it. But right now, graphics cards are starving, so it won’t hurt to take a closer look at the CPU while waiting for a decent GPU. We’ve compiled important information about the desktop CPUs we’ve got so far.

AMD

AMD vs. Intel: A Guide to Choosing Laptop and Desktop CPUs in 2022

Ryzen 7 5800X3D (scheduled for release in Spring 2022): It will be the next-generation Ryzen 7000 chip that will be the center of attention, but it looks like the Ryzen 5000 will come with some interesting products before it takes off. The 3D V-cache tested in 2021 will be installed on the 5800X3D, which increases the L3 cache from 64MB to 96MB. You can see the real effect of boosting the performance of applications like games, and AMD claimed the 5800X3D can run games faster with enhanced performance than its Ryzen 9 5900X and Intel’s top-tier Core i9-12900K . As per sample benchmarks distributed at CES 2022, there is a 40% performance improvement in ‘Watch Dogs’, ‘Far Cry 6’, ‘Gears 5’, ‘Final Fantasy XIV’ as compared to 5900X. From 20%. Compared to the i9-12900K, Final Fantasy XIV also has a 20% performance improvement.

Ryzen 7000 Series (to be released in the second half of 2002): Not much is known about the Ryzen 7000 yet, but there is basic information. The Ryzen 7000 is built on a 5-nano process, supports PCIe 5.0 and DDR5 memory, and implements a new AM5 socket.

The performance impact of the 5nm process remains to be seen, but in general, performance improves significantly as you move to a better process. Add to this PICe 5.0 and DDR5, and games and applications running on the Ryzen 7000 will be as fast as flight. The question is, will it be as fast as Intel’s top-of-the-line chips? This is particularly noteworthy, as Intel is likely to launch its 13th-gen Raptor Lake CPUs this fall.

Currently, the most specific information surrounding the Ryzen 7000 pertains to the AM5 socket. AMD omitted PGA (the pins are located above the processor) and opted for LGA (the pins are located inside the motherboard socket). In other words, users may be a little less worried about accidentally dropping a Ryzen 7000 CPU, like an Intel chip, but they have to put in more effort if a socket pin breaks. The specifications of the AM5 cooler are similar to the old AM4. So you can continue to use the popular Wraith Prism cooler.

Intel

12th Gen Elder Lake (coming January 2022): Most of the 23 additional Elder Lake CPUs Intel announced at CES 2022 do not support overclocking. These are the processors you’ll encounter when buying off-the-shelf or custom builds. The one exception is the unexpectedly revealed Core i9-12900KS, which can boost its top speed to 5.5GHz.

Intel can cater to all user segments, from the entry-level Celeron, Pentium and i3 to the pro-level i9. The Ryzen 3 5000 isn’t currently available for purchase, so Intel is the only vendor that caters to the needs of entry-level users, and this will continue for some time to come. Users who do not need integrated graphics can also opt for the F series of CPUs which are known to be cheaper. Intel processors are also suitable for users who live in hot areas or with high electricity bills. With the highest TDP rating of 65W, the overall power consumption is low.

Users expecting top-tier chips with full-core performance cores instead of hybrid architectures will have to wait for the launch. In fact, the hybrid architecture is an advanced feature of Elder Lake, and the only CPUs with performance cores are only on the Core i5 and i3. With unlocked processors, K chip and fixed cores, both the i7 and i9 have mixed performance and efficiency cores.

Luckily, Elder Lake motherboards are coming soon, so you don’t have to wait for a reasonably priced chipset. Suitable motherboards for mid-range and entry-level builds are the H670, B660, and H610, and in the case of the Core i5 chip in the past, the trouble of choosing only motherboards in the range of 200,000 to 300,000 Won has been solved.

Apple will move the rest of its computers to its processors later this year

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